strategy and programmes of Agricultural Implements and Machinery Division
have been directed towards promotion of agricultural mechanization through
eco-friendly and selective agricultural implements and machines with the
aim of optimal utilization of the available sources of human, animal and
mechanical/electrical power, increasing productivity of land and labour,
efficient utilisation of inputs such as seeds, fertilisers, pesticides and
irrigation water, improving the quality of the farm operations by removing
farm power constraints faced by farmers, and by reducing the cost of
production and removing the drudgery associated with various agricultural
operations. The farmers have also been provided assistance for owning
tractors, power tillers, other
agricultural equipments, supporting
services of human resource development, testing and evaluation. As a
result of the programmes of the government, the total power availability
has increased from 0.295 kw/ha in 1971-72 to 1.231 kw/ha in
2001-02. For reducing the
cost of operation and increasing productivity and irrigation
efficiency, new equipments such as zero-till seed cum fertilizer drill,
raised bed planter and drip irrigation equipments have been made available
to the farmers.
The Government have enacted the Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act, 1983, for providing safety and relief to the farmers and machine operators. Presently, only the power thresher has been brought under the purview of this Act. The Government is in the process of bringing ‘Power operated Chaff Cutter and Power operated Sugarcane Crusher’ also under the purview of this Act.
Production and sale of tractors and power tillers during the last few
years are given in the table.
Year wise production and sale of tractors and power
Year wise production and sale of tractors and power tillers:
Mechanisation Programmes under Macro-Management of Agriculture & other
Assistance in the form of subsidy is available to farmers for the purchase of various agricultural equipments including hand tools, bullock drawn/power driven implements, water conserving irrigation devices, planting, reaping & threshing equipments, tractors, power tillers and other specialized agricultural machines, under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of “Macro-management of Agriculture - Supplementation/ Complementation of States Efforts through Work Plans”. Subsidy on identified equipments is also available to the farmers under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes for oilseeds and pulses development.
Training and Testing Institutes (FMT&TIs) located at Budni (Madhya
Pradesh), Hissar (Haryana) , Garladinne (Andhra Pradesh) and Biswanath
Chariali (Assam) have been imparting
training to the farmers, technicians, nominees of Governments,
retired/retiring defence personnel etc. in the selection, operation,
maintenance, energy conservation and management of agricultural
equipments. The Institutes have also been conducting testing and
performance evaluation of various agricultural implements and machines.
During the year 2002-03, 3342 persons
have been trained till 31.12.2002 against the annual target of 3500 in
different courses .
The testing of farm machines and equipments has been continued by these Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institutes. Whereas Budni Institute has been authorised to conduct test on tractors, power tillers and other agricultural machines, the Institute at Hissar conducts tests on self propelled combine harvesters, irrigation pumps, plant protection equipments, agricultural implements and other machines. Garladinne Institute conducts test on agricultural implements and components. Testing of agricultural implements has also been taken up by the Institute at Biswanath Chariali (Assam) since 2001.
The Institutes have tested 103 machines of various categories, including
tractors, power tillers, combine harvesters, rice transplanter, reaper,
till 31st December 2002, against a target of 70 number of
machines for the year.
Conducting Study and Formulating Long-term Mechanisation Strategies for each Agro-climatic zone
a view to achieving an effective and balanced development of farm
mechanization in the various agro-climatic zones of the country, this
scheme has been sanctioned for implementation during the Ninth Five Year
Plan with a budgetary outlay of Rs. 13000 thousands.
The scheme stands amalgamated with the Scheme of
“Studies on inputs for Agricultural Economic Policy and
Development” of the
Department for the remaining period of the Tenth Plan.
Scheme envisages an in depth study at micro level keeping in view the
technological, agro-economical, sociological and other relevant factors
for formulating effective and balanced strategies for all round
development of agricultural mechanisation for each agro-climatic zone of
the country. The study has
been entrusted to the Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute of
ICAR, New Delhi. The study work has already commenced and an amount of Rs.
10000 thousands was released to the Institute.
This study report is
expected to be received by
June, 2003. Based on the
findings and the recommendations contained in the Report, Government will
formulate suitable strategies and programmes for the promotion of
of newly developed Agricultural equipment including Horticultural
equipment at farmers’ field
With a view to dissemination of the latest technology among the
farmers, the scheme has been aimed at demonstrating newly
developed/specialized Agricultural/Horticultural equipment for acquainting
them about their utility & use thereby enabling them to adopt the same
in agricultural production system. During
the year 2001-02, funds amounting to Rs.2000 thousands were released to
the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab and Orissa.
A sum of Rs.5000 thousands was also released to ICAR for the
purpose. During the year 2002-03 an amount of Rs.1533 thousands has
been released to the States of Assam, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra,
Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Chhatisgarh & Goa and Rs.2800 thousands to ICAR
for demonstration of newly developed agricultural equipment.
In the wake of drought this year, these funds have been released to
the wheat growing States and ICAR particularly for the demonstration of
strip-till drill and zero-till seed cum fertilizer drill so as to plant
the wheat crop timely and for optimal utilization of available soil
The field demonstrations have been conducted on zero-till seed
drill, strip-till drill, self-propelled vertical conveyor reaper,
manual/self propelled paddy transplanter, raised bed
planter, sugarcane cutter planter, tractor/power tiller operated
rotavator, sunflower thresher, power weeder, cono weeder etc. for the
benefit of the farmers and have been reported to be well accepted by them.
Material on activities in the North-Eastern States for Annual Report of the Deptt. of Agri. & Coopn. for the year 2002-2003
The Government have established a Farm Machinery Training and Testing
Institute at Biswanath Chariali in Sonitpur district of Assam to cater to
the needs of human resource development in the field of agricultural
mechanisation and also to assess the quality and performance
characteristics of different agricultural implements and machines in the
region. Against a target of 250, for the year under report,
413 persons have
already been trained as on 31-12-2002 by this Institute.
As regards testing of agricultural equipment, while two test
reports have already been issued till 31.12.2002, more equipment’s are
expected to be tested during the remaining period of the year.
During the year 2001-2002 funds to the tune of Rs.562 thousands & Rs.118 thousands respectively were released to the States of Arunachal Pradesh & Manipur under the scheme “Demonstration of Newly Developed Agricultural Equipment including Horticultural Equipment in Farmers fields”. During the year under report, a sum of Rs.133 thousands has been released to the State of Assam under the same scheme.
STATE AGRO INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
The Government of India advised the State Government in the year
1964 to set up State Agro Industries Corporations (SAICs) in the Public
Sector to act as catalysts in providing access to farmers of the
industrial inputs for the use in the agriculture. Thus, 17 SAICs were set
up in the joint sector with equity participation of Government of India
and respective State Government namely Andhra Pradesh,
Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu &
Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab,
Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal during 1965 to 1970.
Many of the State Governments have increased their equity
participation as a result of which Government of India, at present, is a
minority shareholder. SAICs
have since expanded their basic functions by commencing manufacture and
marketing of agricultural inputs, implements, machines,
after sale service, promotion and development of agro-based
units/industries. Government of India is implementing a policy of dis-investment
of its shares in SAICs with a view to give greater decision making power
to State Governments by allowing transfer of its shares to State
Governments on following guidelines:
Where the networth of the SAIC is positive, Government of India
would be willing to consider offering the shares to the State Governments
at a price 25% less than the book value of the shares on the basis of the
latest available audited balance sheet.
In the case of the SAICs whose networth is negative, Government of
India would be willing to pass on its stake for a token consideration of
Rs. 1000 for the value of the shares.
So far, Government of
India’s share in SAICs of Gujarat, Karnataka, U.P., Tamil Nadu and
Rajasthan States have been transferred to the concerned State Governments.
|S. No.||Activity/ Programme||Details of Activities/
Programmes in which Women involved
|Targets||Achievements till 31.12.2002||Budget Allocation 2002-03||Amount utilized as on 31-12-2002|
and Testing Institutes
set up by
Programmes of North - Eastern States
Name of the Division: Agricultural Implements and Machinery Division
|Details of Activities/ Programmes in which Women involved||
Achievements as on 31.12.2001
(No. of persons)
(No. of persons)
|1||Strengthening of Farm Machinery training and Testing Institute, Biswanath Chariali, Assam.||Imparting Training to the farmers and other beneficiary groups in the selection, operation, maintenance, energy conservation and management of farm machinery.||250||52,00||413||14,80||52,00||14,80|