strategy and activities have significant importance in
the overall crop production programmes for sustainable
agriculture. Plant protection efforts aim at minimizing crop losses due to
ravages of insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents, etc.
Enforcement of Destructive Insects & Pests Act (1914) for
prevention of exotic pests, promotion of Integrated Pest Management (IPM),
Implementation of Insecticides Act, 1968 for regulating production and
use of pesticides, monitoring and control of desert locust in the
Scheduled Desert Area and Human Resource Development in Plant Protection
through training, are the major programmes in the gamut of Plant
features of activities and achievements during 2002-03 (up to 31st December, 2002) in the
arena of Plant Protection are summarized below:
INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an eco-friendly approach which aims at keeping pest below and disease infestation economic thresholds level by employing all available alternate pest control methods and techniques such as cultural, mechanical and biological control with greater emphasis on use of Bio-pesticides and pesticides of plant-origin like Neem formulations. The use of chemical pesticides is advised as a last resort when pest crosses economic threshold level (ETL). IPM related activities are being implemented through 26 Central Integrated Pest Management Centers (CIPMCs) located in 23 States and Union Territories.
activities under IPM approach include undertaking sample roving surveys
for monitoring pest/disease situation on major crops, production and
release of Bio-control agents, conducting Farmersí Field Schools (FFSs)
etc. Pest/disease situation has been monitored regularly during
the period in the States and 644 thousand ha. was covered against
targeted area of 469 thousand ha.
The pest situation reports received from field stations and
States were compiled and comprehensive weekly and monthly reports were
circulated to the concerned officers and scientists of State Departments
of Agriculture/State Agricultural Universities and ICAR Institutes so as
to help them take appropriate remedial measures.
total of 16260 thousands Bio-control agents have been mass produced in
the laboratories and released (up to December, 2002) against
insect-pests in rice, cotton, sugarcane, pulses, vegetables and oilseeds
against the targeted release of 11570 thousands during the year 2002-03.
An area of 523 thousands ha has been covered against the targeted
area of 367 thousands ha. in different States against various insect
pests through augmentation and conservation.
order to popularize IPM technology among the State extension
functionaries and farmers, demo-cum-training programme has been launched
by organizing 290 Farmersí Field Schools (FFSs) in rice, cotton,
vegetables, pulses and groundnut during Kharif, 2002 in 23 States/UTs
wherein 1019 agriculture extension officers and 8784 farmers were
trained in IPM approach. In
these FFSs training programmes, women farmers also included. Another 520
FFS are being taken up in Rabi 2002-03 for training 2,600 agriculture
extension officers and 15,600 farmers. To ensure greater public
participation in the IPM Programme, NGOs are now being involved in the
spread of IPM approach. In
the year 2002-03, 21 NGOs were trained who in turn organised 34 FFSs.
IPM packages of practices in respect of 52 crops have been
already made and sent to States/CIPMCs across the country for
various training programmes were conducted across the country to train
Central and State Government officials in IPM approach. Some State
specific training programmes were also oganised such as orientation
training programme on Rice at Guwahati, Assam in which 52 trainees from
23 districts of Assam were trained.
FAO-EU COTTON IPM PROGRAMME IN INDIA
the year (up to December, 2002) a
total number of 5079 applications have been received for the grant of
registration and the RC has issued 2551 Registration Certificates and
rejected 1578 applications after holding 13 Registration Committee
meetings. In order to boost
the export of the pesticides, the rules and procedures have been
simplified, particularly for pesticides being manufactured for export
thereof with a view to further streamline the functioning of CIBRC, a
website of the Secretariat of CIB&RC http//www.cibrc.nic.in has been
launched on 25.10.2002.
Central Insecticides Laboratory (CIL), Faridabad set up under Section 5
of the Act, is serving as a referral laboratory for quality control of
pesticides. The CIL is also
carrying out pesticides residues analysis and investigations on
bioassay, medical toxicology and processing/packaging.
Besides, there are two Regional Pesticides Testing Laboratories (RPTLs)
at Kanpur and Chandigarh to assist the States in the quality control
tests. The CIL and two
RPTLs have conducted testing of 2205
and 1573 samples of pesticides upto 31.12.2002.
It is intended to amend the Insecticides Act, 1968 to deal with
offenders effectively and to ensure supply of quality pesticides.
Central Task Force has also been created in the Department of
Agriculture and Cooperation to organize and coordinate raids across the
country to ensure supply of quality pesticides to farmers.
The said Task Force initiated such raids in Delhi, Haryana,
Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, whereby samples of pesticides were drawn from
various dealers and suppliers for the purpose of testing thereof.
LOCUST CONTROL AND
the period under report, India continued to be free from any gregarious
locust activity. However,
mixed population of Desert/Migratory Locust and grasshoppers was
recorded from Bajra crop
grown in small patches in Sanchore and Bhinmal Tehsils of Jalore
District in Rajasthan and Tharad Tehsil
in Palanpur District of Gujarat during the first week of
control operations were undertaken to control locust/grasshopper
activity and as a result, 42 ha area was treated. Similarly,
during the first week of August, 2002 mixed population of Migratory
locust and grasshopper was also recorded in 35 ha area of Bajra and Guar
crops at 5 TK Villages of Sriganganagar district of Rajasthan which was
also controlled. The Plant
Protection Adviser to Government of India
visited the locust-affected areas in Jalore, Sanchore and Tharad
sectors and advised the field staff for maintaining utmost vigil for
immediate reporting and necessary action.
keep a constant watch on locust in Thar desert, surveys over an area of
15600 thousand ha. were
conducted against the target of 6000 thousand
ha. during the period from April to December, 2002.
Fourteen locust situation bulletins were issued to various
concerned agencies/organization for their use.
Close liaison is being kept with the FAO and other agencies
through exchange of locust information.
this connection, the CIBRC has recently finalised the format for
submission of requisite data/information to be provided by applicants
for registration of pesticides for fixation of Maximum Residue Limits
under PFA Act by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
Further, Maximum Residue Levels
in respect of five pesticides have
been fixed in 51 pesticides to be notified under the PFA by the Ministry of
Health & Family Welfare in addition to 71 pesticides for which MRLs
had already been fixed prior to 2002-03.
pesticides have been banned for use in Indian agriculture.
Further an Expert Group has been constituted by CIBRC to examine
the data available w.r.t. toxicity/bio efficacy, etc., with Secretariat
of CIBRC so as to enable fixing of Maximum Residue Levels for a number
of pesticides registered prior to 1972.
TRAINING IN PLANT
(Rs. in thousands)
PROGRAMME FOR THE
PROGRAMME FOR THE
the above activities and programmes in
the field of plant protection shall continue in 2003-04. However, the targets for the financial year will be fixed
only during March 2003 on the basis of
availability of funds and facilities such as staff and
infrastructure. The thrust areas identified for the year 2003-04 are as
The thrust areas identified for the year 2003-04
FOR POLLUTION CONTROL/ABATEMENT :