Q 1. What are Fertilizers?
Fertilizers are those substances which are enlisted in schedule-I of the
Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 and also mixture of fertilizers and special
mixture of fertilizers which are notified by the State Government.
The Government o India has so far enlisted 75 substances in the schedule
–I of FCO.
Q.2. What is the difference between
mixture of fertilizer and complex fertilizers.
Ans., The complex fertilizer are those
which contained to or more nutrient and during their production chemical
reaction take place. The physical
mixture also contains more then one nutrient but in their production no chemical
reaction takes place and is produce by physical mixing two or more fertilizers
with or without inert material.
Q.3. How can one start the business of
selling of fertilizer?
Ans. The persons who intend to sell or
carrying on the business of fertilizer is required to obtain Authorization
letter from the notified authority.
Q.4. What is the procedure of
obtaining the Authorization letter?
Ans. The person who intend to carry on
the business either as whole sale dealer or retail dealer is required to submit
‘Memorandum of Intimation’ in form ‘ A 1’ to the notified Authority as
per the terms and conditions specified therein along with the Certificate of
source inform ‘O’ of FCO along with the fees prescribed by the concerned
State Government in this regards.
Q.5 What is certificate of source?
Ans. Certificate of source means a
certificate given by a State
Government. Commodity Board.
Manufacturer,” importer, pool handling agency or as the case may be, wholesale
dealer indicating therein the source from which fertilizer for purpose of sale
Q.6.Who is ‘Notified Authority’.
Notified Authority is appointed by the State Government for the purpose
of grant of Authorization letter etc.
Q.7. Can or manufacture is also
required to obtain
Q.9 Who is a Dealer
Ans Dealer is a person carrying on the
business of selling fertilizers whether wholesale or retail or Industrial use
& its includes manufacturer, Pool handling agency etc also.
Q.10 Can a person selling fertilizer
of any specification?
Ans. No person shall sell any
fertilizer of any specification.
Q.11. whether any specification has
been specified by Government of India.
Ans. Yes, to Schedule –I of the FCO the Government .of India specified specification of fertilizer what the grades.
Q12. For how much period the letter of Authorization is valid?
Ans. The letter of Authorization is valid for a period of Three years from the date of issue.
Q13 Whether for carrying on the business of selling of fertiliser as wholesale or retail dealer a separate letter of Authorization is required?
Q14. How many fertilizer are there under the Price Control?
Ans Only three fertilizer, namely,
Urea, Zincated Urea & Anhydrous Ammonia.
Q15.Who is fixing the standards of various Mixture of Fertilizer
Ans. State Government
Q16 Can any Permission is required to obtain from the State Government or Central Government for manufacturing of Mixture of Fertilizer?
Ans. Yes, The certificate of
Manufacture is required to obtain from the concerned State Government.
Q17. Whether any condition is required to fulfill before obtaining the Certificate of manufacture?
Ans Yes, it is mandatory to possess
Minimum Laboratory facilities.
Q18. Any time period is fixed for grant of Certificate of Manufacture?
Yes, 45 days from the date of receipt of application.
Q19. On the Refusal of grant of Certificate Of Manufacture whether any Provision of Appeal Exist? If Exist then the Authority to whom it is to be made/
Ans. Yes, The appeal against the non
issue shall exist before the Appellate authority, appointed by the State
Q20. The period for which Certificate of Manufacture is valid?
Ans. Three Years from the date of
Q.21 Can the Certificate of Manufacture and Authorization letter be renewed?
Q.22 When can the application for
Renewal be made?
Ans. The application in form ‘D’of FCO along with fee prescribed by State Government is required to be made to be made to the registering Authority for renewal before the Expiry of period of validity of Certificate of Manufacture.
Q. 23.Can a manufacture prepared any
grade of Mixture of fertilizer?
Ans. No, only such grade which are
notified by State Government.
Q.24. What , is the procedure for
obtaining Certificate of manufactures.
Ans. The applicant is required to
apply in Form’D’ of FCO to the Registering Authority along with fee
Q.25. Can the application of Renewal be made after the Expiry of the validity period?
Ans Yes, one apply within one month from the date of expiry of validity period along with additional fee
What is requirement to be complied by the manufacturer in regard to packing
Ans. Every container in which the fertilizer is packed shall be conspicuously be super scribed with the word fertilizer’.
Every container shall be so packed and sealed that the contents their of
can not be tampered without baking the sealed.
In case of hand-stitched bags of fertilizers manufacturer in India, a
lead seal is required.
On every bag it is required to print such particular as the controller specified time to time.
Q.27. Whether is non-standard
fertilizer is allowed to be sold in the market ?
Q.28. To whom the non-standard fertilizer shall be disposed?
Ans. The non-standard fertilizer shall be disposed only to the fertilizer mixture manufacture, special mixture of fertilizer or to the research farm.
Q.29. Can the fertilizer be sold for
the purpose other than use for agricultural purposes?
Ans. Yes but prior permission is
required from the Central Government.
Q.30. Whether any Certificate of Registration is issued for sale of fertilizer for industrial purposes?
Q.31. Is there any provision for reprocessing of fertilizer?
Ans. Yes but the prior permission is
Q.32. What is the procedure for
obtaining the permission?
Ans. If any fertilizer dispatched for
sale as deteriorated in quality during transits due to natural calamity and is
not of prescribed standard, the manufacture within 15 days from the date of
dispatch apply to the Central Govt. for reprocessing.
Q.33. Whether there is any procedure for referee analysis?
Q.34. To whom the request for
re-analysis is to be made?
Ans. In case the sample is declared non-standard by the State Laboratory then its appeal for re-analysis is required to be made to the Appellate Authority appointed by the state Government. If in case the material is declared non-standard by the Central Govt. laboratory then the appeal of it lies to the controller, Central Government.
Q.35. Can an appeal against cancellation be made against the order of suspension and cancellation of authorization letter or certificate of registration/ manufacture
Q.36. Can the authorization letter, certificate of manufacture and certificate of registration be amended?