Micro Irrigation Guidelines





Pattern of Assistance


            Area Coverage under Micro Irrigation

            Drip Irrigation

            Sprinkler Irrigation

            Transfer of Technology

            Training Programmes


            Demonstration of Micro Irrigation



            National Level

             National Committee on Plasticulture Applications in Horticulture (NCPAH)

            Executive Committee on NCPAH

            State Level

            State Micro Irrigation Committee (SMIC)

            District Level

            District Micro Irrigation Committee (DMIC)

            Implementing Agency (IA)

            Technical Support Group

            Procedure for Approval


            Transparency in beneficiary selection

            Registration of Manufacturers

            Quality Control

            After Sales Service

            Supply of Imported Components



(i)            Indicative Requirement of Material for Drip Irrigation System

(ii)          Limit of assistance for installing Drip Systems (Considering 50% Subsidy)

(iii)         Component for Sprinkler System using different coupler

(iv)        Format of Application Form for Availing Subsidy under GOI Micro Irrigation Scheme

(v)          Principles for estimation of Water and Power requirement for installation of Drip Irrigation System

(vi)        Methodology for assessment of Water and Power availability

(vii)       Field Level Questionnaire for Assessment of Water and Power Availability for Installation of Drip Irrigation System

(viii)     List of Precision Farming Development Centers (PFDC)

(ix)        Proforma for furnishing Annual Action Plan by Implementing Agency

(x)          Proforma for furnishing Progress Report under Micro Irrigation Scheme

(xi)        List  of BIS standards










Key features of the Micro Irrigation (MI) Scheme


·         It will be a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which out of the total cost of the MI System, 40% will be borne by the Central Government, 10% by the State Government and the remaining 50% will be borne by the beneficiary either through his/her own resources or soft loan from financial institutions (para 2).


·         Assistance to farmers will be for covering a maximum area of five ha per beneficiary family (para 3).


·         Assistance for drip and sprinkler demonstration will be 75% for the cost for a maximum area of 0.5 ha per beneficiary which will be met entirely by the Central Government (para 3).


·         The Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) will be involved in selecting the beneficiaries (para 3).


·         All categories of farmers are covered under the Scheme. However, it need to be ensured that at least  25% of the beneficiaries are Small & Marginal farmers (para 3).


·         The focus will be on horticultural crops being covered under the National Horticulture Mission.

A cluster approach will be adopted (para 5).


·         The Scheme includes both drip and sprinkler irrigation. However, sprinkler irrigation will be applicable only for those crops where drip irrigation is uneconomical  (para 18).


·         There will be a strong HRD input for the farmers, field functionaries and other stake holders at different levels. Besides there will be publicity campaigns, seminars/workshops at extensive locations to develop skills and improve awareness among farmers about importance of water conservation and management (para 27).


·         The Precision Farming Development Centres (PFDCs) will provide research and technical support for implementing the scheme (para  33).


·         At the National level, National Committee on Plasticulture Application in Horticulture (NCPAH) will be responsible for coordinating the Scheme, while the Executive Committee of NCPAH will approve the Action Plans (Para 35,36). At the State level the State Micro Irrigation Committee will coordinate the programme, while at the District level the District Micro Irrigation Committee will oversee the programme (Para 38,41).


·         The Scheme will be implemented by an Implementing Agency (IA) appointed by the State Government, which will be the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDA) or any identified Agency, to whom funds will be released directly on the basis of approved district plans for each year (para 42).


·         The IA shall prepare Annual Action Plan for the District, get it forwarded by the DMIC & SMIC for approval by the Executive Committee (EC) of NCPAH (Para 43).


·         SMIC shall forward 30 copies of the consolidated proposal to Ministry of Agriculture (Para 48)


·         Payment will be made through crossed cheque. If the cheque is in the name of the system supplier, the same will be delivered through the farmer/beneficiary (para 51).


·         Registration of System Manufacturers will be done by the SMIC for use of the Districts (Para 57).


·         Supply of good quality system both for drip and sprinkler irrigation having BIS marking, proper after sales services to the satisfaction of the farmer is paramount (para 60).






Although water is a renewable resource, its availability in appropriate quality and quantity is under severe stress due to increasing demand from various sectors. Agriculture is the largest user of water, which consumes more than 80% of the country’s exploitable water resources. The over all development of the agriculture sector and the intended growth rate in GDP is largely dependant on the judicious use of the available water resources. While the irrigation projects (major and medium) have contributed to the development of water resources, the conventional methods of water conveyance and irrigation, being highly inefficient, has led not only to wastage of water but also to several ecological problems like water logging, salinization and soil degradation making productive agricultural lands unproductive. It has been recognized that use of modern irrigation methods like drip and sprinkler irrigation is the only alternative for efficient use of surface as well as ground water resources. Hence, this Scheme on Micro Irrigation (MI), which aims at increasing the area under efficient methods of irrigation viz. drip and sprinkler irrigation. 




2.                  This will be a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which out of the total cost of the MI System, 40% will be borne by the Central Government, 10% by the State Government and the remaining 50% will be borne by the beneficiary, either through his/her own resources or soft loan from financial institutions. In other words, out of the Governmental assistance, 80% share (40% of unit cost) will be met by the Government of India (GOI) and the balance 20% (10% of unit cost) will be met by the participating State Government. The concerned States shall make available their share of 20% to the Implementing Agencies (IA) during the financial year.



Pattern of Assistance

3.                  In the case of drip irrigation, the assistance will be limited to 50% of the cost of the System for the specified crop spacing and for the area covered under the crop by the farmer.  The assistance for sprinkler irrigation will also be 50% of the cost. In both the cases, the assistance will be limited to five ha per beneficiary family. The assistance for MI demonstrations, to be taken in farms belonging to State/Central Governments, State Agricultural Universities (SAUs), and ICAR Institutions, progressive farmers and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO) /Trusts, on their own land will be @ 75% of the cost for a maximum area of 0.5 ha per beneficiary, which will be met entirely by the Central Government. The Scheme will cover all categories of farmers irrespective of the size of land holding. However, while selecting the beneficiaries, care will be taken to ensure that the Small & Marginal farmers are given due priority for supplying the system. At least 25% of the beneficiaries should be Small & Marginal farmers. The Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) will be involved while selecting the beneficiaries. 




4.                  The Scheme will have two major components  (1) Area Coverage under MI and (2)  Transfer of technology through Human Resource Development including Demonstrations in the related sector, besides a mechanism for Scheme administration and monitoring.



Area Coverage under Micro Irrigation

5.                  The scheme will facilitate increase in coverage of are a under drip as well as sprinkler irrigation systems for enhancing crop productivity. Initially the focus will be on covering   the areas under horticultural crops being promoted under National Horticulture Mission (NHM), which are conducive to drip irrigation or sprinkler irrigation and fertigation. For other crops, it will be restricted to potential belts/regions in the water deficit, arid and semi-arid areas. A cluster approach will be adopted in implementing the Scheme.



6.                  Drip Irrigation:

Drip Irrigation involves technology for irrigating plants at the root zone through emitters fitted on a network of pipes (mains, sub-mains and laterals). The emitting devices could be drippers, micro sprinklers, mini sprinklers, microjets, misters, fan jets, micro sprayers, foggers and emitting pipes, which are designed to discharge water at prescribed rates. The use of different emitters will depend upon specific requirements, which may vary from crop to crop. Water requirement, age of plant spacing, soil type, water quality and availability are some of the factors which would decide the choice of the emitting system. Sometimes microtubes are also used as an emitter, though it is inefficient. All types of surface and subsurface irrigation systems are covered under MI Technology. An indicative list of system components required for installing a drip irrigation system in areas ranging from 0.4 ha to 5 is given in Annexure-I. The estimated cost of Drip Irrigation System (assuming peak water requirement with source of water at the corner of the plot) for different crop spacing and plot sizes is given in Table-1.

Table-1: Estimated Cost of Installing Drip Irrigation System

(Cost in Rupees)

Spacing (Metre)



Area, hectares





































































































7.                  The unit cost of Drip Irrigation system varies with respect to plant spacing and location of the water source. Moreover, the cost of the drip system varies from State to State depending upon the existing demand and marketing network. Accordingly, the States have been categorized into three categories, viz., Category “A”, “B” and “C”.  States where more than 10,000 hectares have been brought under drip irrigation as on 1.4.2004 would come under ‘A’ Category. This would include the States of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. All the States except those covered under Category ‘A’ and those falling in the Himalayan belt would come under Category ‘B’.  All the North Eastern States, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttaranchal and Darjeeling district of West Bengal would come under Category ‘C’. Keeping in view the level of awareness, proximity to the manufacturing units, distance involved in transportation, potential for drip irrigation, the cost of drip system in Category ‘B’ States is estimated to be 15% higher than Category ‘A’ States while for Category ‘C’ States it is estimated to be 25% higher than Category ‘A’ States. Accordingly, the average unit cost of drip irrigation system for different State categories is given in Table-2.


Table–2: Average of Unit Cost for installing Drip Irrigation System


State Category

Average Cost, Rs./ha


40, 000






8.                  The assistance under the scheme is available for all types of drip irrigation systems such as on-line drip irrigation systems, in-line systems, sub surface drip irrigation systems, micro jets, fan-jets, micro sprinkler, mini sprinklers, misters and similar other low discharge irrigation systems. Use of microtubes as an emitting device under the MI Scheme will be allowed only under exceptional circumstances where the water quality does not permit use of any other type of emitters. 

9.                  Assistance will be available to the farmers growing all horticultural crops like fruit, vegetables including potato, onion and other root and tuber crops, spices, medicinal & aromatic plants, all plantation crops excluding tea, coffee, rubber and oil palm. The scheme will be implemented on compact area basis. 

10.              Only new installations i.e. systems invoiced and installed during 2005-06, which have not availed any subsidy under any of the Government Schemes shall be eligible for assistance under the Scheme.  

11.              Cooperative Societies/Self Help Groups/Incorporated Companies will also be entitled to avail assistance on behalf of its members. In such cases, the individual beneficiary will receive assistance through the Cooperative Society /SHG/Incorporate company and not directly.  

12.              Assistance of drip irrigation will be 50 per cent of the system cost applicable to different crop spacing as given in Annexure-II. 

13.              In case of crops with plant spacing other than those mentioned in Table -1, the amount of assistance could be calculated on pro rata/ average basis of the nearest plant spacing. Alternatively assistance amount may be calculated as per the unit cost of the nearest spacing of plants. As small farm holdings may not have individual source of water, it would be preferable to encourage a group of farmers to avail the benefits of drip irrigation through a common water source. However, the cost norms for smaller areas (0.4 ha) also has been provided with a view to enable small and marginal farmers to avail the Scheme. A beneficiary cannot split an area into small pockets of the same crop for claiming assistance under the scheme. 

14.              In case of inter-cropping, assistance will be available for the prescribed plant spacing indicated in Annexure -II subject to the condition that the assistance will be provided only for one crop as per the farmer’s choice. However, if the beneficiary has move than one crop with different crop spacing being grown separately in his/her land holding, assistance will be available for installing the drip irrigation system as per the individual crop spacing the combined area of which will not exceed 5 ha per beneficiary family.



15.              Sprinkler Irrigation: Under sprinkler irrigation water is sprinkled under pressure into the air and plant foliage through a set of nozzles attached to network of aluminum or High Density Poly Ethylene (HDPE) pipes in the form of rainfall. These systems are suitable for irrigating crops where the plant density is very high where adoption of Drip Irrigation Systems may not be economical. Sprinkler irrigation is suitable for horticultural crops like vegetables and seed spices. Conventionally, sprinkler irrigation has been widely in use for irrigating Cereals, Pulses, Oil Seeds and other field crops.  

16.              The indicative list of components required for a sprinkler irrigation system is given in Annexure-III. The cost of sprinkler irrigation for one hectare plot with different coupler diameters is given in Table 3.

Table 3: Cost of Sprinkler Irrigation System

 Coupler diameter (mm)


Cost (Rs.)

63 mm


75 mm


90 mm



17.              Financial assistance to the beneficiary for sprinkler irrigation will be limited to 50 percent of the system cost subject to a maximum of Rs.7500/- per ha. Since sprinkler systems are moveable, the cost of the system will be governed by the actual quantity of material used.  

18.              The sprinkler systems sets, unlike drip system, are moveable. Hence one sprinkler set could cover more than one ha by shifting from one place to another. Only those farmers who have not availed of assistance for sprinkler irrigation from any other scheme would be eligible for assistance under this scheme.  Assistance for sprinkler irrigation will be limited to only those crops for which drip irrigation is uneconomical.  Depending upon the type of crop a farmer can avail assistance for sprinkler as well as drip irrigation, the combined area of which should not exceed five ha per beneficiary.  However, assistance for both sprinkler and drip irrigation will not be available for a crop on the same plot/field being cultivated by the farmer. Moreover, assistance for sprinkler irrigation alone, which is less efficient than drip irrigation, should be discouraged.  

19.              The cost for installation of system will be borne by the beneficiary. The beneficiary will also be responsible for all electrical and mechanical works such as pumps, panels, electrification works, etc; at his own costs. The manufacturer will be responsible for repair or replacement of the system components against manufacturing defects. Since the system manufacturers are supplying a tailor made system to the farmers, the transportation and installation charges of the system will be borne by the farmers.  

20.              A farmer shall be eligible for assistance only if adequate water is available for the area proposed to be brought under Drip/Sprinkler irrigation. The installation of Drip/Sprinkler Irrigation system and the assistance should be limited to the area for which adequate water is available. The scheme does not provide for creating new water sources. However, various schemes of the Government such as National Horticulture Mission (NHM) and Macro Management Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture, Integrated Watershed Development Scheme (IWDS), Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) and Integrated Wastelands Development Project (IWDP) of Ministry of Rural Development, Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY) of Planning Commission are being implemented under which there is provision for creating water resources. These schemes should be availed and the water resources developed through such schemes should be used in conjunction with drip/sprinkler irrigation systems.  

21.              Assessment of water availability should be made by the implementing agencies. The officers of the concerned Irrigation Association may also be associated in the process. The Irrigation Association may also nominate accredited trained graduates for verifying the drip installation systems. Sample format for collecting application from a farmer/beneficiary is given in Annexure IV. Details on the principles of estimating water and power requirement for installing drip irrigation system is given in Annexure V and the methodology for assessment of water and power is given in Annexure VI. The questionnaire at Annexure VII, which provides the format for assessing water and power availability for installing drip irrigation system, may be used for assessing water availability in the beneficiary's plot. The Field Functionaries should collect the data accurately and thereafter an assessment of adequacy should be made on the basis of norms given in these Guidelines. In general the following thumb rule may be followed: 

a. Orchard crops: Orchard crops may be irrigated with Drip irrigation system if assured water supply of one litre per second / hectare is available for four hours per day from the existing water sources. 

b. Vegetables and other closely spaced crops: Drip Irrigation system may be used if assured water supply of three litres per second / hectare is available for four hours per day from the existing water sources. 

22.              Where a farmer proposes to use canal water for drip irrigation, overhead storage capacity (assessed in accordance with Annexure VII) should be created.  

23.              All efforts should be made to arrive at the realistic water requirement of the crop for the particular region. Moreover, the drip irrigation system should be designed in such a manner that required amount of water is made available to the crops depending upon stage of growth of the crop. 

24.              One or more farmer who agree to use the same water source for irrigating their land, could be permitted to avail assistance for installing the Micro Irrigation system as an individual.  

25.              The availability of motive power and pumps of adequate capacity should be ensured before installation of the Drip Irrigation system and sanction of assistance. In general when water is to be lifted from a depth of 15 m to 25 m, the power requirement would be: 

a.       1 H.P./ha for orchard crops 

b. 3 H.P./ha for vegetables and other closely spaced crops 

26.              Assistance should not be sanctioned without ensuring adequate power availability. Assistance should be limited to the extent of land for which adequate power is available. The source of power could be electricity through State Electricity Boards, Distribution companies, non-conventional energy or diesel engines. 





Transfer of Technology



a)      Training programmes 

27.              Human Resources Development through training programmes for officials, farmers, entrepreneurs and other active players involved in microirrigation is an important element of the scheme. These training programmes will be coordinated by the Horticulture Division, DAC with the involvement of NCPAH and will be organized through PFDCs, SAUs, ICAR Institutes etc and reputed manufacturers. These training programmes will be project based which will be approved by the Executive Committee of NCPAH. In general, for a 5 days training programme the total assistance will be limited to Rs. 25,000/- for a group of 25 participants.   




b)      Seminars/ Exhibitions  

28.              The scheme will facilitate organizing Seminar, Workshops, Exhibitions publicity campaigns at different levels. The norms of assistance for Seminar/Workshops is as follows:



Duration (days)

Maximum assistance (Rs. in lakh)




National Level



Regional/District Level




29.              The events will be organized through public sector or directly by the DAC with 100% assistance. In case of Private Sector, the assistance will be limited to Rs.  5.00 lakh for International, Rs. 2.5 lakh for National and Rs. 1.00 lakh for regional events, which will be project based. 



Demonstrations of Micro Irrigation 

30.              The demonstration will be taken up only on recognised farms belonging to State/ Central Government / SAUs/NGOs of repute/Trusts, on their own land/ ICAR Institutes and progressive farmers growing horticultural crops. Each farm will get a demonstration unit of 0.5 hectares area only. The demonstration would be laid at strategic locations along road side for the maximum benefit of the farmers. 

31.              The procedure to implement this component of the scheme is the same as suggested for drip irrigation installation component. The manufacturers/suppliers approved for drip irrigation installation may lay demonstrations.  

32.              For demonstrations, assistance would be provided @ 75% of unit cost for a maximum area of 0.5 ha per beneficiary.




33.              The existing 17 PFDCs  (list at Annexure VIII) will provide necessary technical support and research back up while implementing the Micro Irrigation scheme. Five more PFDCs will be established in a regionally differentiated manner to cater to the needs of the region where PFDCs do not exist presently. Based on project based proposals, the new PFDCs as well as the programmes of the ongoing PFDCs will be taken up. Besides, depending on the need, sponsored projects will also be taken up on specific areas of Micro Irrigation.





34.              The scheme will have a three tier system for effective implementation and monitoring of the scheme.

I.                    National Level

a)                  National Committee on Plasticulture Applications in Horticulture (NCPAH) 

35.              At the national level, the National Committee on Plasticulture Applications in Horticulture (NCPAH) under the Chairmanship of Minister of Agriculture, GOI will be the apex body which will provide overall guidance and review the progress on the coverage of area under MI in the country. 


b)                  Executive Committee on Micro Irrigation

36.              The Executive Committee (EC) of NCPAH  headed by the Secretary, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation will oversee the activities of the MI scheme and approve the Action Plans including plans of PFDCs, projects on Technology Transfer and Sponsored Project.


37.               The allocation for various states/components would be within the discretions of EC. It will ensure smooth functional linkages among different agencies. The EC shall meet as frequently as necessary but at least once every quarter.




II.                 State Level

(a)                State Micro Irrigation Committee 

38.              The concerned State Government under the Chairmanship of the Agriculture Production Commissioner/Principal Secretary/Secretary Horticulture/Agriculture will form a State Micro Irrigation Committee (SMIC). The SMIC will devise strategies to promote MI in their respective States. The Panchayati Raj Institutions existing in the State will be involved in the implementation structure, particularly the selection of beneficiaries. The Structure of SMIC will be as follows:



APC/ Secretary (Hort. / Agri.)



Water Resources

Rural Development

Panchayati Raj

Rep. of Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi

Director/Head of Rural Development

Director(s) of Research of SAUs of the State

Principal Investigator (PI) of PFDC

Representative of Lead Banks

Two representatives of State level Growers Associations

Representative of State Agro Industries

Representative of Irrigation Association of India (IAI)















Experts (one each from the fields of Horticulture, Agronomy, Soil Science, Agricultural Engineering, Water Management, Economist, Information Technology)

Representative from state ground water board


Director of Horticulture/Agriculture/ Mission Director (NHM) of State

Member Secretary

 39.              The Chairman at his direction can co-opt official/expert as an invitee.

The SMIC will have the following functions:

40.              This Committee shall host a website indicating the details and status on the progress of the Micro Irrigation Scheme in different Districts of the State.




III.               District Level

(a)          District Micro Irrigation Committee (DMIC)

41.              At the district level, the State Government will constitute the District Micro Irrigation Committee (DMIC). The DMIC will be headed by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Zila Parishad/District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)/Collector of the District having its members/ representatives from concerned Departments viz. Agriculture, Horticulture, Rural Development, Irrigation and Water resources, Growers’ Association, Krishi Vigyan kendras (KVKs) and representative of the local lead Banks including the IA. The local Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) will be involved in implementation of MI Scheme to the extent and manner considered appropriate by the IA keeping in view the capacity of the PRI. The District Horticulture Officer/ District Agriculture Officer will be the Member Secretary of DMIC. The DMIC will have the following functions:




(b)         Implementing Agency (IA)


42.              In the States, the Scheme will be implemented by an Implementing Agency (IA) specially designated for this purpose by the State Government, which will be the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDA) or any identified Agency in conjunction with Directorate of Horticulture/Agriculture having the required infrastructure. The Directorate of Horticulture/Agriculture would provide the technical support for the scheme. The financial assistance to the farmers will be routed through the IA. Assistance to the tune of one percent of the annual outlay for the District will be provided for monitoring the scheme in the District by the IA. Assistance to the tune of one percent of the annual outlay for the District will be provided for monitoring the scheme in the District by the IA. 

43.              The IA shall:  

·        Formulate Action Plan for their District as per prescribed format (Annexure-IX).

·        Forward Action Plan to Ministry of Agriculture through DMIC/SMIC.

·        Receive funds directly from the Ministry of Agriculture.

·        Disburse the assistance to the beneficiaries.

·        Furnish Utilization Certificate and Monthly Progress Report in the prescribed proforma (Annexure-X) to Ministry of Agriculture.

44.              The IA shall ensure that:

·        The MI technology is promoted in an holistic manner involving appropriate cultivars, good agronomic practices, post harvest handling, processing and marketing with an end-to-end approach.

·        The assistance for Micro Irrigation System is commensurate with the size of the holding of the beneficiary family as per revenue records.

·        No service charges are levied by any institution/organization entrusted with the task of commissioning of the Drip/Sprinkler System. To avoid any discrepancies and for smooth implementation of the scheme, it will be necessary to have only one implementing agency in the Districts.

·        Assistance is disbursed to the beneficiary within one month of commissioning the System.




Technical Support Group (TSG)


45.               The MI scheme will have a strong technical back up at the Center as well as at the State levels. Technical support at the National and State level will be provided by the Horticulture Division of DAC through the NCPAH for which  the NCPAH will be suitably strengthened it by deploying Experts in various related fields of agriculture, water management, Information Technology in the form of Technical Support Group. The TSG at the National Level will be housed in NCPAH Secretariat. The NCPAH will have flexible norms for recruiting professionals, on contract. Retired experts, service personnel, computer professionals and other related persons could be engaged for TSG on contract basis. The honorarium will be fixed by the EC depending upon the qualifications, experience and expertise of the experts in accordance with the norms being followed in other Schemes of DAC like National Horticulture Mission. Fresh graduates could be employed as Research Associates (RA) as per the norms of ICAR and these RAs will help the TSG at the field level. 

46.              At State level also a TSG could be formed which will help the Implementing Agency at different stages for implementation and monitoring of the Scheme. The SMIC may select the Expert(s) for the State level TSG. The Principal investigator of the PFDC of the concerned State may be involved in the selection process and constitution of the TSG. 

47.              The TSG will have the following functions:










Procedure for Approval

48.              The Implementing Agency shall prepare the Action Plans well in advance, get it approved by the DMIC and SMIC. The SMIC shall consolidate the proposal for the State as a whole and forward 30 copies of the same to the Ministry of Agriculture for approval by EC. The IA should strive to prepare the Action Plan for the next year as well duly ensuring the coverage of all potential crops under Micro Irrigation. After approval of EC, funds will be released directly to the IA. Release of funds during the subsequent year will be subject to furnishing of Utilization Certificate (UC) by the IA to the DAC.





A)                Transparency in Beneficiary Selection           

49.              The Implementing Agency (IA) at the District level should follow an uniform procedure duly ensuring full transparency in selecting the beneficiaries and releasing the assistance to them in an efficient manner. In order to bring about uniformity, the IA could adopt the procedure described below: 

I)                   Pre Installation

a)      The IA will:

·        Widely publish the scheme at the block and village levels through its existing network. 

·        Appoint a Nodal Officer who is preferably well versed in horticulture/agriculture will be responsible for the Micro Irrigation Scheme. 

·        Disseminate the list of Suppliers and rate list approved by SMIC to the farmers.  

·        Organize at least one District Level Seminar/Workshop with the participation of Industry representatives.  

·        Compile the application forms/proforma invoice submitted by the farmers, scrutinize it, codify it and forward the same to the company’s/Manufacturer’s local office indicated by the farmer.  

b)      The Manufacturer/Company will:

·        Assess the crop water requirement as per the crop for which the system is to be provided.  

·        Prepare an estimate of cost and submit to IA duly indicating the time frame by when the system will be supplied in the farmer’s field.  

c)      The IA will examine the estimate and convey its approval indicating the approved amount and the farmer’s share after deducting the eligible subsidy, duly endorsing a copy to the selected Company/Dealer and in case the farmer avails bank loan, a copy to the concerned bank. 

d)      Beneficiary will pay his/her share of contribution to the manufacturer/supplier; who issues receipt to the farmer in duplicate for the amount received. The payment of beneficiary’s share could be in installments as decided by the SMIC while registering the Manufacturers.  

e)      In case the beneficiary intends to avail credit he/she will submit proposal along with the quotation from the manufacturer/supplier to the concerned Bank, who in turn will:   

i)                    Scrutinize the proposal and sanction the loan amount based on guidelines and norms.

ii)                   Pay the beneficiary’s sanctioned amount to the Manufacturer/Supplier under intimation to the beneficiary in suitable installments as decided by SMIC.  

II)                  Installation

50.              The Company will install the system and commission it to the satisfaction of the farmer duly ensuring the following: 

a)      Only good quality components having BIS marking will be installed in the farmer’s field.  

b)      The installed system should match the  water requirement of the crop  standing in field at the time of installation.  

c)      Provide necessary orientation training to the farmer on the agronomic practices to be followed for irrigating the crop with drip/sprinkler irrigation.  

d)      Provide proper warranty and also a users manual for running & maintenance of the system, whether drip or sprinkler or both, as the case may be. 


III)              Disbursement of Assistance – Post Installation  

If beneficiary pays his own share:  

51.              Subject to satisfactory installation of the System, the IA will release payment to the beneficiary through crossed Cheue/Draft. In case the cheque is drawn in favour of the company, it will be delivered through the farmer. The farmer will pay the balance amount due to the Manufacturer.  

If beneficiary takes loan:  

52.              If the sanctioned loan amount is less than 50% of the system cost, the beneficiary shall bear the balance amount.  

53.              Subject to satisfactory installation of the System, the balance amount payable to the Manufacturer/Supplier will be released by the IA through the beneficiary by crossed cheque. The Bank will also release the balance amount, if any, due to the manufactures by crossed cheque through the beneficiary.  

54.              The IA will ensure that the payment of subsidy is made within a month from the date of installation of the system. The applicant should be informed about sanctioning of the system within one month from the date of receipt of his/her application. As far as feasible, the details of the beneficiary and the amount sanctioned, the Company and area covered should be posted on the web site by the IA.  

55.              The farmers shall be free to select the manufacturers/suppliers from an approved list of Manufacturers/Suppliers registered by the SMIC for installing the Micro Irrigation System in the area/taluka/ of the location of farmer’s field.  

56.              The IA should ensure that bills are accepted and passed only for the material conforming to BIS standards. (If at a later date, it is found that the subsidy is paid for the sub standard material, not bearing BIS markings, the concerned official of IA will be held responsible). If Implementing Agency finds that system components supplied does not bear BIS markings, they should reject the bill and take steps to black list the company which has supplied the sub standard system and take necessary corrective steps to supply standard quality material to the concerned farmer.  Supply of substandard materials should be severely dealt with.




B)                Registration of Manufacturers

57.              Registration of the System manufacturers will be done by the SMIC, for use of the Districts. Only those Manufacturers Companies which have all the facilities to ensure the quality of product and who can provide prompt after sales services will be registered. The companies who wish to participate in the Micro Irrigation Scheme should either manufacture all the major drip components within their factory or in collaboration with specialized manufacturers. While registering, the manufacturers should declare the technical details of the components proposed to be manufactured and supplied.  

58.              While registering the manufacturers, the following aspects shall be ensured:           

i.                     In the case of drip irrigation, the Company must manufacture at least laterals and emitting devices (other than micro-tubes) conforming to  BIS quality. In the case of Sprinkler Irrigation the company should manufacture at least the HDPE pipes and nozzles as per BIS specifications. They must provide guarantee of quality assurance of other components which is not manufactured by them.

ii.                   The Company must provide free after sales service to the farmers at least for three years. Moreover, they should set up Service Centres for providing technological and agronomic support at the grass root level. 

iii.                  The companies will supply the BIS marked material only. The list of relevant BIS components is given in Annexure XI. 

iv.                 In case, the company intends to supply imported components, they should have  prior approval of the DAC. 

v.                   The material should be supplied directly by the manufacturers only or their authorized Distributor / Dealer. In all cases the manufacturers should authenticate the invoices. Such Manufacturers/Dealers shall furnish a Bank Guarantee, quantum of which will be prescribed by the SMIC, valid for a maximum period of three years. 

vi.                 Each company will have its own pricing system. However, the company would be required to submit the same to the Registering Authority/SMIC in the beginning of the year and as and when the prices are revised by the Manufacturers.

59.              A registration fee not exceeding Rs.50,000 per annum may be charged from system manufacturers at the time of registration. The revenue generated from the registration fee may be used for promoting micro irrigation in the State such as engagement of State TSG.  




(C)              Quality Control 

60.              The crucial aspect of supply of micro-irrigation system is quality of the hardware delivered to the farmer. Poor quality can directly affect performance of the system. The poor performance may affect yield of the crop, quantity of water applied, quantity of fertilizers delivered to the plant etc.. It may also increase energy consumption. In fact, sub standard system will not only impact performance, but could also reduce the durability and the life of the components and/or system. Therefore, quality assurance is a prerequisite which can not be compromised under any circumstance.  

61.              Frequent surveillance by inspection teams comprising of officials from NCPAH/ PFDC, CIPET, IAI, BIS or personnel from these agencies/TSG will be a regular feature under the Scheme.  They will draw samples periodically from the field on random basis within a period of three years from the date of installation of the system. At the time of inspection the system should be fully functional. Besides, the criteria as given in the box will be looked into:

Text Box: Check list for sanctioning assistance under Micro Irrigation Scheme
1.      Material supplied by the Manufacturer should be of good quality having BIS certification. Moreover, the components installed should conform to the specifications declared by the manufacturer during their registration. 
2.      Distribution of the Drip laterals and emitters should be in accordance with the crop spacing duly ensuring effective root zone wetting. 
3.      The application of water between the first and the last emitter on a lateral should be fairly uniform (within 10% variation). 
4.      The drip system should be installed and commissioned to the satisfaction of the farmer. 
5.  The farmer should be in possession of a users’ manual of the relevant manufacturer who has installed the system. 










62.              In case of detection of failures or supply of poor sub standard quality material, the concerned manufacturer will be issued warning for first offence.  In case of subsequent offences, the Company will be deregistered and debarred from participating in the MI Scheme through out the country in addition to invoking of bank guarantee furnished by their dealers.  

63.              In order to ensure supply of BIS quality materials to the farmers the manufacturers who are registered to participate in Micro Irrigation Scheme should manufacture only such system components which has BIS Certification. It will be responsibility of the Irrigation Association of India (IAI) to promote the quality assurance mechanism by registering only such manufacturers who gives an undertaking this effect, as a Member of IAI.




(D)             After Sales Service 

64.              The manufacturers should have the network for providing after sales service in the area of operation. Operation and maintenance of the system though simple, requires training for maintenance, fertigation, chemigation etc. in the initial stage. Therefore the manufacturers should provide detailed operational and maintenance manuals in vernacular languages at the time of installation of the system. The beneficiaries should be made aware to follow the instructions provided by the manufacturers in operation and maintenance of the drip/sprinkler irrigation system.  

65.              SMIC should ensure that drip/sprinkler system manufacturers should open their Regional offices/service centers at the District/Block level when a reasonable area has been covered by the company in a Block/District. These service centers and/or offices should have the facilities to provide technical guidance on agronomic practices, system maintenance schedule to the farmer, supply spare parts and ensure satisfactory performance of the system during the warranty period. List of such after sales centre with full address/telephone numbers/e-mail should be widely published. 

66.              Free after sales service should be provided by the manufacturer/authorized distributor at least for three years. In the event, if any system Manufacturer fail to abide by his commitments, the same should be brought to the notice of DMIC and DAC/EC for taking appropriate action.  

67.              The manufacturer should take the responsibility in case of any dispute arising from the supply of their product through their Distributor or Dealer. The IA/SMIC of individual State shall evolve a process and modus operandi for redressal of disputes or arbitration at Taluka/Block Levels.  

68.              The SMIC/IAs are free to evolve strong punitive measures against earring companies as well as against their own staff, in order to safeguard the interests of farmers and in order to ensure qualitative utilization of public funds.




(E)              Supply of Imported Components 

69.              In the case of suppliers importing systems/components into India, only those may be considered who have a definite intention to manufacture the presently imported systems/ components within the country within a period of two years from the date of registration. The intention to manufacture would be assessed by the NCPAH with reference to the following factors: 

1.      The manufacturing facilities and capacities for different components proposed to be set up by the supplier and the time frame within which they are proposed to be set up.  

2.      The scale of investment proposed to be made in the manufacturing facilities. 

3.      The foreign collaboration agreement, if any, entered into by the supplier for setting up manufacturing facilities.

4.      The reputation and competence of the joint venture partner, if any. 

5.      The approvals obtained for setting up of the manufacturing facilities and the appraisal of the project made by a financial institution. 

6.      The term loans and working capital tied up for the project from financial institutions. 

7.      Steps taken for acquisition of land, provision of utilities and other steps crucial for initiation of the project. 

8.   The track record, size, financial health and performance of the promoters or companies with which the promoters are associated.            

70.              In order to establish supplier's intention to manufacturer systems/components, NCPAH may call for such information from the supplier as may be appropriate. SMIC will also ensure that the items which are proposed to be imported in the initial phase are actually manufactured at a subsequent stage as per the requirement of the farmers.            

71.              Suppliers importing systems/components into India whose intention to manufacture is established will be included in the list of approved suppliers under the scheme initially for a period of one year. The following points would be considered while registering these companies for supplying imported components/systems under the MI Scheme:           

a.       The imported components carry the quality certification of the national standards institution of the concerned country or International standards or a Standards Institutions included in the list of such institutions furnished by the BIS.  

b.      The imported components shall not be inferior to the BIS standards for these components. The conformity to BIS standards will be got certified by CIPET (or such other institutions as may be notified) by the Company directly. 

c.       BIS are available for most of the drip components. However, where no BIS standards exist, the imported components should conform to the standards prescribed by the national standards institution of the exporting country included in the list of institutions furnished by BIS. The conformity to the relevant standard will be got certified from the CIPET or other notified institution after the testing of samples.          

72.              The Suppliers of importing systems/components into India who desire to get themselves included in the approved list of suppliers will first get their intention to manufacture assessed by NCPAH, obtain certificate of conformity to BIS / other relevant standards (as the case may be) from CIPET or other notified institution and then go for manufacture.  

73.              The suppliers importing systems/ components into India who fulfill the above conditions will have to get their approval renewed at the end of one year, provided they produce proof for having taken steps to set up manufacturing facilities in accordance with the above procedure.           

74.              In the event of the manufacturing facilities not having been established at the end of the second year, the approval will be liable to be withdrawn. In the case of suppliers manufacturing certain components in India and importing certain other components, the guidelines as per indigenous components would apply in respect of components manufactured within the country and guidelines relevant to imported components would apply in respect of imported components.





75.              The Micro Irrigation Scheme has been approved for implementation during the Tenth Plan for covering a total area of 6.2 lakh ha involving 3.8 lakh ha under drip irrigation and 2.4 lakh ha under sprinkler irrigation. The scheme also envisages organizing 500 training programmes, 950 awareness programmes and 900 demonstrations besides organizing one International, two National level and 14 regional levels seminars/workshops.