ORGANISATIONAL HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERATION
The Department of Revenue and Agriculture and Commerce was set up in the Government of India in June, 1871 to deal with all matters affecting the practical improvement and development of the agricultural resources in the country. Prior to 1871, the work pertaining to Agriculture was the responsibility of the Home Department.
2. In 1881, the Famine Commission recommended creation of a separate Department of Agriculture and accordingly, the Department of Revenue and Agriculture was reconstituted, as a separate Department, in 1881. In 1923, in the interest of economy and efficiency, the portfolios of Education, Health, Revenue and Agriculture were combined to form the Department of Education, Health and Lands.
3. In 1945, the said Department of Education, Health and Lands was trifurcated into three separate Departments of Agriculture, Education and Health. The Department of Agriculture was redesignated as Ministry of Agriculture in August, 1947.
Post Independence Period
4. In January, 1951, the Ministry of Agriculture was combined with Ministry of Food to form the Ministry of Food & Agriculture. In October, 1956, the Ministry of Food & Agriculture was split into two Ministries but they were again combined in April, 1957 as the Departments of Agriculture and Food under the Ministry of Agriculture. The functions then assigned to the Department of Agriculture were :
5. In December, 1958, the subject of Cooperation was transferred from the Department of Agriculture to form a Department of Cooperation under the Ministry of Community Development. Work relating to Central and State Warehousing Corporations were transferred to the Department of Food.
6. In 1962, certain subjects concerning Fisheries and Fruits and Vegetables were transferred from the Department of Agriculture to Department of Food :-
7. The following items of work relating to sugar were further transferred to Department of Food from Department of Agriculture in 1963 :-
8. In January, 1966, the Ministry of Community Development and Cooperation was merged with the Ministry of Food and Agriculture to form the Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Community Development and Cooperation. The following functions were added to the Ministry:
Department of Community Development
Department of Cooperation
9. In 1966, the following functions from the Department of Food were transferred back to Department of Agriculture:-
10. In 1968, Sugarcane Research and Sugarcane Development Scheme were transferred from Department of Food to Department of Agriculture. In addition, the following were transferred to the Department of Agriculture from the Department of Cooperation :-
11. In 1969, the following subjects were added to the Ministry of Agriculture :-
12. The following subjects were also added to the Department of Agriculture :-
13. In 1971, the Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Community Development and Cooperation was re-named as Ministry of Agriculture with the following four Departments :-
14. In 1973, the following subjects, were added to the Ministry :-
15. A new Department was created in December, 1973 called Department of Agricultural Research and Education. The following functions were transferred to the new Department :-
16. In June, 1974, two subjects were added to the Department of Agriculture by transfer from Department of Food, namely (i) coordination of relief measures necessitated by drought, scarcity or famine, and (ii) matters relating to loss of human life due to drought, scarcity or famine.
17. The following subjects were hived off from the Department of Agriculture and transferred to the Department of Cooperation :-
18. In October, 1974, the Ministry was again re-structured and named as Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation with five Departments. The Department of Community Development was renamed as Department of Rural Development. The five Departments were:-
19. The following functions of the Department of Irrigation were added to the Ministry:-
20. Insurance (Crop & Cattle) was transferred from the Department of Agriculture to Department of Rural Development and Cooperation Division which was earlier a part of the Ministry of Agriculture, was transferred to Ministry of Industries and Civil Supplies alongwith its functions. Work relating to Indian Peoples Famine Trust was added to Department of Agriculture in August, 1975. The work relating to Public Cooperation was added to the Department of Rural Development.
21. In 1976, the following new items were also added to the Department of Agriculture :-
22. The following functions were hived off :-
23. The following items were added to the Department of Agriculture :-
24. In August, 1979, the Allocation of Business Rules were amended again. The Department of Cooperation, which was transferred out in 1974, was again transferred back to the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation and merged with the Department of Agriculture which was re-named as Department of Agriculture and Cooperation. The Department of Rural Development which was under the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, become an independent Ministry called Ministry of Rural Reconstruction. The Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation had the following Departments :-
25. The following items on Co-operation were added to the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation :-
26. The following functions were transferred from the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation to Ministry of Rural Reconstruction :-
27. Again, in May,1980, the following items were hived off from the Ministry of Agriculture & Irrigation and transferred to the Ministry of Rural Reconstruction :-
28. During 1980-81, the work relating to Minor Irrigation, Central Ground Water Board and the Command Area Development was transferred from this Ministry to new Ministry of Irrigation. The renamed Ministry of Agriculture was left with only the following three Departments :-
29. In 1983, the Department of Food was taken out of Ministry of Agriculture and made a part of the Ministry of Food and Civil Supplies. The following subjects were transferred to the Ministry of Food and Civil Supplies:-
30. In January, 1985, the Allocation of Business Rules was again amended. The Ministry of Rural Re-construction was merged with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry was re-named as Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Re-construction with the following three Departments :-
31. At the same time, the Forestry wing of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation was transferred to the newly formed Ministry of Environment and Forests. The following functions were hived off from the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation to the newly created Ministry of Environment and Forests :-
32. The National Land Use and Conservation Board was added to the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation. The following items were added to the Department of Rural Development:-
33. In September,1985, Ministry was again renamed as Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. A new Department of Fertilisers was created by amalgamating some sections from Fertilisers Division of the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation and some from the then Deptt. of Chemicals and Petrochemicals. The Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development now had the following four Departments:
34. The following subjects were allocated to Department of Fertilisers :-
35. In Jan.,1986 the following subjects, which were dealt with by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, were transferred to the Department of Fertilisers :-
36. The administration of Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act, 1983 was added to the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation. In the same year, the work of Agricultural Aviation in Plant Protection Division, including the Directorate of Agricultural Aviation was transferred to the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
37. Again, in 1986, a new Ministry of Food Processing Industries was created and the following items were transferred from Department of Agriculture & Cooperation to that new Ministry:
38. In 1990 the subject of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was transferred to Ministry of Environment and Forests.
39. In 1991, the Ministry was reorganised yet again. Two Divisions, viz. Animal Husbandry Division and the Dairy Development Division under the Ministry of Agriculture together became an independent Department called Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying with the Ministry of Agriculture. All the subjects dealt with by the two Divisions were transferred to the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying. The Ministry of Agriculture then comprised the following five Departments :-
40. The subjects hived off to the Deptt. of Animal Husbandry & Dairying included the following:
41. In July, 1991, the Department of Fertilisers was also transferred to become a part of the new Ministry of Chemical & Fertilisers. The following subjects allocated to that Department were hived off from the Ministry of Agriculture:-
42. At the same time, the Department of Rural Development was also separated from Ministry of Agriculture to form an independent Ministry of Rural Development and this Ministry was named as the Ministry of Agriculture, with only three Departments, viz. DAC, DARE and DAH&D.
43. In Oct., 1997, the subject of Fisheries was transferred from Deptt. of Agri. & Co-op. to DAH&D, involving transfer of the work of Inland and Marine fishing and fisheries.
44. In Dec., 1998, the work of rural marketing was transferred from the Deptt. of Rural Development to the Deptt. of Agri. & Co-op., involving transfer of the following items or work:
45. The Ministy of Agriculture now consists of the following three Departments:-
46. The Department of Agriculture & Co-operation is now organised into 25 Divisions, and a Technology Mission on Oilseeds and Pulses. In addition, it has 4 attached offices and 22 sub-ordinate offices. There are two Public Sector Undertakings, seven autonomous bodies and eleven national level co-operative organisations with the Department.
47. The details of subjects now allocated to the Department under the Allocation of Business Rules are indicated at Annexure-I.
LIST OF SUBJECTS ALLOTTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COOPERATION UNDER THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA (ALLOCATION OF BUSINESS) RULES, 1961 AS AMENDED UPTO DECEMBER, 1998.
PART - I
The following subjects which fall within List I of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India :
1. Liaison with international Agri-Organisations like Food and Agriculture ,Organisation of the United Nations, handling of CARE goods concerning agriculture etc.
2. Participation in international conferences, associations and other bodies concerning agriculture and implementation of decisions made thereat.
3. Convention on Locust Control.
4. Plant Quarantine.
5. Industries, the control of which by the Union is declared by Parliament by law to be expedient in public interest; as far as these relate to :-
(a) Development of agricultural industries including machinery, fertiliser and seeds but excluding cotton, ginning and pressing with the limitation that in regard to the development of agricultural industries, including machinery and fertiliser, the functions of the Department of Agri-culture and Cooperation (Krishi aur Sahakarita Vibhag) do not go further than the formulation of demands and the fixation of targets;
(b) Shellac Industry.
6. Agricultural Census.
7. All India Service-Indian Agricultural Service.
8. Sugarcane Development Scheme.
9. Matters relating to damage to crops due to natural calamities.
10. Coordination of relief measures necessitated by natural calamities, other than epidemics.
11. Matters relating to loss of human life and property due to all natural calamities, other than epidemics.
12. Indian People's Famine Trust.
PART - II
The following subjects which fall within List III of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India (as regards legislation only ) :-
13. Adulteration of agricultural products other than foodstuffs.
14. Economic Planning(Agricultural Economics and Statistics).
15. Professions(excluding Veterinary Practice).
16. Prevention of the extension from one State to another of infectious or contagious diseases or pests affecting plants including locusts.
17 Price control of agricultural commodities except food-grains, sugar, vanaspati, oilseeds, vegetable oils, cakes and fats, jute, cotton and tea.
18. Production of oilseeds.
19. Administration of the Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act, 1983 (35 of 1983).
PART - III
For the Union Territories, the subjects mentioned in Parts I and II above, so far as they exist in regard to these territories and, in addition, the following subjects which fall within List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India.
20. Agriculture (other than agricultural education and research) protection against pests and prevention of plant diseases.
21. Cooperation in agricultural sector, agricultural credit and indebtedness.
22. General Policy relating to the marketing of agricultural produce including pricing, exports etc.
22A. Setting up of agricultural markets in rural areas.
22B. The Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937 (1 of 1937).
23. Insurance (Crop).
24. General Policy in the field of Cooperation and coordi-nation of cooperation activities in all sectors. (The Ministries concerned are responsible for Cooperatives in the respective fields).
25. Matters relating to National Cooperative Organisations.
26. National Cooperative Development Corporation.
27. Incorporation, regulation and winding up of Cooperative societies with objects not confined to one State.
28. Training of personnel of cooperative departments and cooperative institutions (including education of members, office bearers and non-officials).
PART - IV
General and Consequential :-
29. All matters relating to foreign aid received from foreign countries and international organisations in so far as agricultural and allied subjects are concerned, including all matters relating to assistance afforded by India to foreign countries in the field of agriculture and allied subjects but excluding such matters in the field of agricultural research and education and allied subjects as are specifically assigned to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (Krishi Anusandhan aur Shiksha Vibhag).
30. Agriculture and horticulture.
31. Bio-aesthetic Planning.
32. Agricultural Production - Grow more food and fodder.
33. Land Reclamation.
34. National Land Use and Conservation Board.
35. Development of Cotton and Jute.
36. Soil Survey in connection with development programmes.
37. Financial assistance to State Soil Conservation Schemes.
38. Fertilisers and Manures-projection of demand, all India, Zones or Regions, fixation of targets and allocation, nutrient-wise, for zones or regions.
39. Administration of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.
40. Administration of Insecticides Act, 1968 (46 of 1968).
41. Agricultural Implements and Machinery.
42. Organisation and development of extension education and training in the country.
43. Intensive Agricultural District Programme.
44. Intensive Agricultural Areas.
45. Crop campaigns, crop competitions and farmers' organisations.
46. Schemes received from States and Union Territories for the settlement of landless agricultural labourers.
47. Mechanised Farms.
48. All Attached and Subordinate Offices or other organisations concerned with any of the subjects specified in this list except the Directorate of Agricultural Aviation.
49. Public Sector Projects falling under the subjects in this list except such projects as are specifically allotted to any other Department.
50. Offences against laws with respect to any of the subjects allotted to this Department.
51. Inquiries and Statistics for the purposes of any of the subjects allotted to this Department.
52. Fees in respect of any of the subjects allotted to this Department except fees taken in a court.
53. Quality Control of fertilisers.