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Drought Management

  • Overview

    Drought management overview

    Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) is mandated to coordinate relief measures necessitated by drought, hailstorm, pest attack and cold wave/frost. Spatial distribution and quantum of rainfall during South-West Monsoon (June-September) mainly determines the incidence of drought in the country, as South-West Monsoon accounts for more than 70% of annual rainfall. DAC&FW monitors progress of South-West Monsoon in the country, in close coordination with India Meteorological Department (IMD) and keeps a watch over deficient/scarcity rainfall conditions.

    The Department also reviews and updates the Crisis Management Plan (CMP) every year. The Plan defines roles and responsibilities of various agencies involved in crisis management during drought.

    State Governments initiate necessary relief measures in the wake of natural calamities, including drought, from State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), which is readily available with them. Contribution to SDRF is made by Central and State Governments in the ratio of 3:1 for general category States (18 out of 29 namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal) and in the ratio of 9:1 for special category States (11 out of 29 i.e. 8 North East States namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura Sikkim and 3 hilly States of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Uttarakhand). Government of India provides additional financial assistance from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF), over and above SDRF, for natural calamities of severe nature as per established procedure and extant norms. Allocation under SDRF has been made on the basis of recommendations of the Finance Commission for a period of 5 years. Allocation of funds under SDRF almost doubled from Rs.33580.93 crore during 2010-15 to Rs. 61,220 crore during 2015-2020.

    Assistance approved so far to the States from NDRF from 2010-11 to 2018-19 to mitigate natural calamities, including drought, is at Annexure.

  • Programmes & Schemes

    Drought Managment Plan, November 2017
    Guidelines for Inter-Ministerial Central Team for Drought, September 2017
    Revised Manual for Drought Management
    Guidelines for Inter-Ministerial Central Team for Drought, September 2018
    Rabi Drought Declaration Guidelines
    Ammendment in Drought Manual
  • External Links

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